(Part 1 of 2)
In 1966, Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu issued Decree 770, outlawing abortion and the use of contraceptives in an effort to reverse the country’s very low birth rate.
There were exceptions to the anti-abortion law. An abortion could be obtained if: (1) a woman’s life was in danger, the woman suffered from serious physical, psychological or sensory problems, or if one of the parents suffered from a grave hereditary disease; (2) the woman was over the age of 45; (3) the mother had already given birth to at least 4 children and still had them in her care; (4) the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest.
Celibacy was not an option for many Romanians, as anyone still childless over the age of 25 was required to pay a “celibacy tax,” a heavy burden for a population living in poverty….